Keeping cars away from the cities is now one of international concerns. But the city officials, citizens and planners still don’t receive a clear evidence-based answer to the question: what are the best ways to reduce the use of cars in the cities?
There were almost 800 peer-reviewed reports and case studies throughout Europe published since 2010. Here we have introduced the world-based real data to rank the most effective ways to keep cars away from the cities.
The ranking reflects the cities’ sucessfulness dealing with both measurable car use reductions and how to improve life quality and sustainable mobility for the citizens.
Based on the study conducted at Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies and published in Case Studies on Transport Policy, there were over 75% of urban innovations that successfully reduced the car use organized by the local government. The results showed the most effective ways proved well such as parking and traffic controls, a congestion charge and limited traffic zones.
Narrowing policies do not likely to be effective as there is no “Silver bullet” solution. The most successful cities in reducing car use typically mix a few instruments of different policy like both carrots encouraging more sustainable travel choices, restrict, driving and parking as well as sticks that charge for.
The research is clear: car use reduction is aimed to improve health outcomes, create more liveable cities and meet the climate targets. In short, reducing car use in the cities should be in an urgent priority. Yet many governments both in the Europe and US keep subsiding heavily the driving with an incentive combinations such as subsidies for tax allowances for car commuting, fossil fuel production and company cars that promote driving other types of vehicles. Essentially, such measures contribute to the pollution reduction in wider society.
Here are the most effective ways to keep cars away from the cities:
Personalized Travel Plans
Many cities have tried to experiment with personal travel plans and analysis for individual residents including France, Marseille, Germany, Munich, Netherlands, Spain and etc. The programs include planning for city residents to walk, bike and use public transport and providing journey advice. These programs successfully achieved the car use reduction 6 – 12 %.
School Travel Planning
Brighton and Hove are two English cities that applied school travel planning by providing trip advice, plans and events for both students and parents, to encourage them to either walk or bike and even carpool to school.
School travel planning also provides an improved bike infrastructure in the cities. Norwich, in this way, proved to be able to reduce the car use by 10.9%.
Workplace Parking Charges
Introducing workplace charges is just another most effective way to keep the cars away from the cities. For instance, a large medical care in the Dutch port city in Rotterdam reached a 20-25% car reduction in employee cars that commute with a plan of parking outside their offices while also offering them to pay their parking spaces. Otherwise, use public transport as an alternative way.